Tetanus is a fatal disease of the central nervous system caused by a poison made by the tetanus bacterium that enters the body through an open wound. Tetanus bacteria live in soil and manure; they can also be found in the human intestine and other places.
Tetanus is caused by the toxin of the bacterium clostridium tetani; it is not spread from person to person. Tetanus occurs in people who have had a skin or deep tissue wound or puncture.
The most common symptoms of tetanus are:
*The symptoms of tetanus may look like other medical conditions. Always consult your physicians for a diagnosis.
Diagnosis is based on a complete history and physical exam.
Your physician will determine your specific treatment for tetanus based on:
Treatment for tetanus, or to reduce the risk after an injury may include:
A DTaP shot is a combination vaccine that protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. Adults should get a Td booster every 10 years, but it can be given before the 10-year mark. Always ask your physician for advice.